Cleveland: Strong U.S. Exports Bolster Cotton Market

Cotton prices eased higher near week’s end as Thursday’s rally brought the nearby March back above 86 cents.  The week was highlighted by strong U.S. export sales, the firming of Indian prices, ideas that the US crop is not as large as forecast by USDA and increased talk of weather problems facing the 2014 crop. The expected volatility returned somewhat to the market, and don’t be surprised to see more and more three digit daily moves. The mill on-call sales remain well ahead of on-call purchases, and mill fixations this week prevented an attempt by the market to force prices below 84 cents. That support should continue throughout the spring trading months.

Export sales tallied 179,800 RB of Upland on the week for the current marketing year and another 35,600 RB for the 2014/15 season. Export sales during January were near 1.5 million bales, well above expectations. Sales of cotton for both this season and next, including Pima, totalled near 1.75 million bales. Too, a large portion of the sales appeared to be on- call, thus adding to the necessity for mills to buy futures during the coming months either on the March, May or July contracts to fix the price of the respective sales.  Equally impressive as the volume of sales during January was the wide range of countries looking to buy cotton from the U.S. This distribution underscores the need for machine picked cotton desired by mills and the fact that the availability of cotton for exports (outside China) is extremely tight now that both Brazilian and Greek supplies are essentially gone. There remains high quality West African supplies, but the smaller than expected Indian crop, the surprising strength of Turkish demand, and the recent surge of demand from Indonesia, the demand for U.S. supplies is firmly embedded as one of the primary factors supporting the market.

In fact, while I have been lobbying USDA for months to increase its estimate of U.S. exports, it seems a foregone conclusion that the agency will have to in next week’s February supply demand report. Granted, and in defence of USDA, they have been reluctant to reduce U.S. ending stocks below 3.0 million bales, it now becomes necessary for them to reflect the even tighter availability of quality U.S. cotton available for export. Export sales and shipments have now reached nearly 9.2 million bales 480 pound bales. This is also supported by the aforementioned idea that the total U.S. crop is smaller than currently forecast (crop size is not expected to be lowered in next week’s report).

The National Cotton Council will release its plantings survey, traditionally the first objective survey of the year. My long time estimate has been 11.1 million acres while the Beltwide estimate was about 10.8 million acres. I could be 100,000 acres low; but nevertheless, this will be the first increase in plantings in three years.

The 84 cent level will likely continue as support while the 88 cent mark holds the resistance, but with a bias higher. Yet, for now, mill buying will still stagnate at 87-88 cents, but fixations will be strong below 84 cents.

Topics:

Leave a Reply

Market Analysis Stories
don shurley
Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Closing Out 2016, First Look at 2017

November 21, 2016

The 2016 U.S. crop may still be somewhat of a question mark, but USDA’s November numbers provided clarity on a few things – the crop got smaller in some areas as expected, but still got bigger overall.

Market Analysis

Market Set for Shift to March Contract

November 21, 2016

The market is expected to rally higher early in the week as shorts buy their way out. Grower prices will then be based on the March contract, as December will be its expiry period.

Market Analysis

Potential Supply Squeeze Could Push Market Higher

October 31, 2016

With December first notice day only three weeks away, mill buying and other potential squeeze factors could push the December contract to 75 cents and beyond.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: Prices Healthier; China’s Buying

October 21, 2016

After jumping higher on the heels of a bullish world supply demand report, the surge in cotton prices was halted at the 72 cent resistance level. But China is back in buying mode, snapping up nearly 200,000 bales.

Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Prices Showing Stability and Potential

October 17, 2016

Many growers want to know when and if the market will get back above 70 cents and provide options to enhance marketing positions. Several factors now in play could give them that opportunity.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: Market Weakens as Prices Begin to Slide

October 9, 2016

The market is showing signs of vulnerability, as cotton appears headed back to the mid-60s.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: What Goes Up, Must Readjust

September 30, 2016

Last week’s higher prices limited export sales, and prices had to move lower this week, back down to mill offers.

Around The Gin
Product News

Valent Introduces Valor EZ Herbicide for 2017

December 1, 2016

Valent has introduced Valor EZ Herbicide as a residual herbicide partner for the new next generation seed systems in cotton and soybeans.

Product News

Wearable Cotton Sensors Developed

November 29, 2016

Conductive cotton fabrics have been developed into flexible wearable sensors, creating new options for cotton textiles.

Product News

Dow AgroSciences, U.S. Farmers Disagree with Proposal to Revoke Chlorpyrifos Tolerances

November 10, 2016

Dow AgroSciences is standing by the safety of proper use of chlorpyrifos, in the face of EPA’s release of a pre-publication copy of the Notice of Data Availability related to its assessment of human health risks associated with the insecticide.

Product News

Advanced Germplasm and Traits Help Growers Thrive in Cotton

November 7, 2016

PhytoGen offers options to improve fiber quality and control weeds, helping growers to out-best their best and thrive in cotton.

Product News

EPA Sets Comment Period for Enlist Duo Label Expansion

November 2, 2016

The U.S. EPA has set a public comment period until December 1 for proposed label amendments for Enlist Duo, which would allow use on Enlist cotton and extend product use on all Enlist crops to 19 other states.

Product News

Helping Cotton Growers Be Good Neighbors

November 1, 2016

Good fences make good neighbors. But these days, on-target herbicide applications also can help make growers good neighbors.

Product News

Americot Offers New XtendFlex Cotton Varieties for 2017

October 28, 2016

In 2017, Americot will offer three new Bollgard II XtendFlex varieties and one new XtendFlex only variety to cotton growers.

Product News

Bayer Delivers Right Combinations for Performance and Profit

October 27, 2016

The extensive economic data documenting earnings from FiberMax and Stoneville varieties helps make the Bayer lineup the first stop for variety decisions.

Latest News
Market Analysis

Market Set for Shift to March Contract

November 21, 2016

The market is expected to rally higher early in the week as shorts buy their way out. Grower prices will then be based on the March contract, as December will be its expiry period.

Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Closing Out 2016, First Look at 2017

November 21, 2016

The 2016 U.S. crop may still be somewhat of a question mark, but USDA’s November numbers provided clarity on a few things – the crop got smaller in some areas as expected, but still got bigger overall.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: Volatility Reinforces Market Fireworks

November 11, 2016

The cotton market continues to show extreme volatility, as mills and speculative funds attempt to fix prices before the expiry of the December contract. The same fireworks are predicted for the next two weeks.

Market Analysis

Watch for Volatility as December Contract Period Ends

November 4, 2016

There are only a few trading days left before March becomes the lead spot month. The best remaining pricing opportunity for growers should be within this time frame, which could be active and volatile.

Market Analysis

Potential Supply Squeeze Could Push Market Higher

October 31, 2016

With December first notice day only three weeks away, mill buying and other potential squeeze factors could push the December contract to 75 cents and beyond.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: Prices Healthier; China’s Buying

October 21, 2016

After jumping higher on the heels of a bullish world supply demand report, the surge in cotton prices was halted at the 72 cent resistance level. But China is back in buying mode, snapping up nearly 200,000 bales.

Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Prices Showing Stability and Potential

October 17, 2016

Many growers want to know when and if the market will get back above 70 cents and provide options to enhance marketing positions. Several factors now in play could give them that opportunity.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: Market Weakens as Prices Begin to Slide

October 9, 2016

The market is showing signs of vulnerability, as cotton appears headed back to the mid-60s.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: What Goes Up, Must Readjust

September 30, 2016

Last week’s higher prices limited export sales, and prices had to move lower this week, back down to mill offers.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: Bulls Ride Prices into the Mid-70s

September 23, 2016

Two weeks ago, we suggested that the USDA supply demand report would be neutral and the market would drop, yet only to reverse to and jump higher. It jumped this week. Wildly higher.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: The Bear/Bull Balance Continues

September 19, 2016

Cotton prices ended the week lower, but made gains after triple digit losses in trading that followed USDA’s September supply demand report.

Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Market Unhappy with September Estimates

September 15, 2016

Whatever the market was expecting from the September WASDE report, it didn’t get. So prices reacted accordingly – down.

Market Analysis

Bulls Feed on Cotton Trade Opportunities

September 12, 2016

Although U.S. and world crops are slightly larger than originally estimated, production difficulties in Pakistan and other countries will continue to boost world cotton trade and add support to the market.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: The Bulls Battle Back

September 6, 2016

The December contract again became the darling of the bulls, who won the week after having their backs slammed against the wall.

Market Analysis

The Dog Days of August – and Cotton – Are Upon Us

August 29, 2016

The Dog Days of August have arrived. That gives Dr. O.A. Cleveland time to reflect on the market, Egyptian cotton, and the offer of a polyester shirt.