Cottonseed Oil Production, Consumption On The Rise

Cottonseed Oil Increases Vitamin E Uptake
A new study suggests cottonseed-oil consumption significantly increases vitamin E intake without affecting fat intake, according to nutrition researchers at Texas Woman’s University (TWU) in Houston, TX.
The study was conducted by Dr. John Radcliffe, Professor of Nutrition and Food Sciences, and fellow TWU researchers.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) show that vitamin E is a “nutrient of concern” for children, adolescents and adults. The percentage of Americans consuming the recommended daily level (15 milligrams per day for adults) of vitamin E through diet alone is less than 7%. An adequate daily intake of vitamin E can promote health and may help prevent diseases (such as heart disease) some forms of cancer and cognitive decline with age.
Research showed that vitamin E from cottonseed-oil intake was 34% higher than the average regular diet, helping achieve 75% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for adults. The average regular diet provided only 53%.
Radcliffe and his fellow researchers studied 10 healthy adult subjects (6 female, 4 male), recording their regular diets for two weeks to establish a baseline for comparison. The subjects were then asked to consume two cottonseed-oil-rich foods (one muffin per day made with commercially available cottonseed oil, and four servings of potato chips per week, fried only in cottonseed oil) for four weeks.
“The food products provided about one tablespoon of cottonseed oil per day,” notes Radcliffe. “That is the equivalent of 33% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance, offering significant vitamin E benefit through just a small amount of oil.”
What’s more, the increased cottonseed oil consumption did not impact fat intake.

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U.S. production and consumption of cottonseed oil are expected to significantly increase this year, despite fewer cotton acres and a lower supply of cottonseed, says Ben Morgan, executive director of the National Cottonseed Products Association (NCPA), Cordova, TN.

“Crushers are expected to produce 845 million pounds of oil in 2009/10, up from 730 million pounds in 2008-09 according to USDA analysts,” he explains. Additionally, domestic consumption is expected to reach 700 million pounds, a 25% increase from one year ago.”

Cottonseed oil is a versatile, trans-free salad and frying oil for the restaurant and snack-food manufacturing industries.

For the second year in a row, more available cottonseed will be crushed for oil than fed to dairy cows as whole seed, Morgan adds.

“Cottonseed oil now comprises the largest portion of the total return from cottonseed to growers,” he explains. “Strong demand from the food industry sector has undeniably increased the value of cottonseed.

“There is a certain maximum amount of dollars that can be made from either selling whole cottonseed and/or crushing cottonseed for its products. In a free market, that level is determined by supply and demand. In previous years, more profit could be made by selling a larger share of cottonseed as whole seed. However, current USDA estimates indicate more dollars can be made from crushing seed.”

Once viewed as a leftover of the ginning process, cottonseed processing is increasingly being viewed as a viable revenue source over and above cotton fiber production.

“If the price of cottonseed oil can improve by one penny per pound, the added value to the cottonseed crop would exceed $24 million in an average year,” Morgan says.

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Cottonseed oil is trans-free and high in vitamin E


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