Weeds wake up early along the Upper Gulf Coast of Texas. It takes an early bird to get ahead of them. Dale Allen of Lolita, Texas, may start tillage in January and apply a burndown treatment in mid- to late-February to stomp out the small-seeded pigweeds that rise by mid-March.
Allen planted PhytoGen® brand cottonseed with the Enlist™ trait for the third year. The reasons: yield and weed control.
“You have to have yield: That’s number one,” Allen says. “PhytoGen varieties produce well on our farm. They also offer good seed quality and emergence. The seed vigor is strong.”
And then there’s the matter of weed management.
“I chose Enlist cotton because I think 2,4-D offers superior weed control,” Allen adds. “That’s the main factor in choosing Enlist.”
Very low volatility, limited drift
Allen is keenly aware of the concerns his neighbors have about herbicide movement. So, he appreciates the low volatility that’s inherent in the 2,4-D choline used in Enlist One® and Enlist Duo® herbicides.
“Enlist herbicides don’t move because of volatility,” Allen says. “But there are a lot of fears about herbicide movement. Volatility is hard to quantify. It’s hard to see.”
Allen realizes the real potential issue to be aware of during application is drift.
“Physical drift can happen with any herbicide,” Allen says. “But that’s not volatility. And 2,4-D choline doesn’t drift like the 2,4-D amine forms drift.”
He says attention to detail and following best management practices significantly decreases the occurrence of drift.
“It’s Sprayer 101: You’ve got to check wind speed, sprayer speed, boom height and so on,” he points out. “Sometimes here we feel the need to run the sprayer as fast as practical. We’ve got a lot of acres to cover and sometimes not many days suited for spraying.”
He also says it’s important to know the surrounding crops, wind direction and label requirements as well as understand optimal sprayer operation.
Talk to your neighbors
The last thing Allen wants to do is alienate a neighbor with herbicide drifting on their crop.
“I realize the value of relationships,” he says. “One little thing can break it. That’s why we try to do the right thing. We communicate with producers around us. We all talk.”
Allen appreciates the value of multiple modes of action to suppress weeds all season long.
“The old saying, ‘start clean, stay clean’ is true,” he says. “Doing that will produce a lot of success.”
Allen layers residuals every 45 days if he can and never wants to go beyond 60 days between treatments. He likes the fact that Enlist cotton gives him postemergence flexibility, including the ability to spray until mid-bloom and using glufosinate as another mode of action.
“If we’re in a situation where the wind isn’t favorable and we can’t spray an Enlist herbicide, we still have the option to use straight glufosinate,” he says. “It’s nice to have that flexibility. If we’re worried about affecting downwind dicamba-tolerant cotton because of the potential to drift, we need to go with glufosinate.”
The value of good advice
Allen says education before spraying is critical.
“PhytoGen provided a lot of help, especially my sales rep Trey Ramirez and Robert Lemon,” he says. “I would ask, ‘Can we spray in this situation?’ They taught me how best to use this product. It’s helped me share knowledge with other farmers.”
™®Enlist, Enlist Duo, Enlist One and Enlist logos are trademarks of Dow AgroSciences, DuPont or Pioneer, and their affiliated companies or their respective owners. ®™PhytoGen and PhytoGen Breeding Traits and are trademarks of PhytoGen Seed Company, LLC. PhytoGen Seed Company is a joint venture between Mycogen Corporation, an affiliate of Dow AgroSciences LLC, and the J.G. Boswell Company. The Enlist weed control system is owned and developed by Dow AgroSciences LLC. Enlist Duo® and Enlist One® herbicides are not yet registered for use in all states or counties. Contact your state pesticide regulatory agency to determine if a product is registered for sale or use in your area. Enlist Duo and Enlist One herbicides are the only 2,4-D products authorized for use with Enlist crops. Consult Enlist herbicide labels for weed species controlled. Always read and follow label directions. ©2019 Dow AgroSciences LLC