Cotton Grower Magazine Annual Acreage Survey: The Slide Continues

In keeping with projections from cotton economists and industry leaders, cotton producers from across the U.S. say they’ll be drawing back their cotton acres in 2013, according to the annual Cotton Grower acreage survey.

The survey results indicate that U.S. producers will plant 9.731 million acres of cotton in the 2013 growing season. That number represents a 21% decrease in U.S. acreage from the final USDA planted acreage number of 12.36 million acres in 2012. If Cotton Grower’s survey results prove accurate, 2013 will be the second year in a row that cotton acres have decreased in the U.S., although the 2013 drop-off in acreage will be more dramatic than the acreage decrease in 2012. Rising input costs and dwindling cotton prices were by far the most cited reasons for a reduction in cotton acreage in 2013 among survey respondents.

As expected, the Southwest region will lead the way in U.S. cotton production in 2013, with 58% of U.S. acreage projected to be planted there. Texas will once again pace the nation in cotton production. The Lone Star State’s projected 5.4 million acres of cotton would represent well over half of the nation’s cotton crop in 2013. Texas respondents cited lingering drought concerns as one of the reasons acreage is expected to decrease in the Lone Star state in 2013.

The Southeast is projected to account for roughly 23% of U.S. cotton acres in 2013. Georgia will once again have a firm grasp on the number two spot in terms of cotton acreage by state, behind only Texas. Georgia’s projected 1.127 million acres of cotton in 2013 would represent only a minor reduction from 2012, when growers in the Peach State planted 1.29 million acres of cotton. Experts in Georgia say rotational benefits with peanuts are a strong draw for cotton production.

The Mid-South could see the biggest reduction in acreage in 2013, according to survey results. Every state in the Mid-South region is projected to have a significant drawback in acreage in 2013. Mississippi’s projected 265,830 acres would be a drop of 200,000 from the 2012 growing season, and could quite possibly represent the smallest cotton crop the state has grown in history.

The Far West will once again produce the smallest percentage of any of the four regions in the Cotton Belt, with a projected total representing just 5% of the total U.S. acreage in 2013. California is expected to lead the way in the Far West, with a projected total of 255,830 acres – down from a final planted acreage total of 367,000 in 2012. If trends hold, over 65% of California’s acreage will be in Pima cotton.

Just as in past years, the Cotton Grower Acreage Survey is conducted over the course of October, November and early December and released in the January issue of Cotton Grower magazine to coincide with the Beltwide Cotton Conferences. Further acreage projections follow. The National Cotton Council releases an annual acreage projection at its Annual Meeting in February, followed by the USDA acreage estimates which are traditionally released in March.

Familiar Situation
When drawing analysis for this year’s acreage survey results, it is difficult to ignore how similar the 2009 and 2013 production seasons could shape up. As more than one industry expert pointed out, 2013 mirrors 2009 in terms of the price relationships between cotton, corn and soybeans – based on the harvest 2013 contracts. According to USDA numbers, U.S. producers planted 9.15 million acres of cotton in 2009.

One factor that is boosting cotton acreage in the coming year is a bearish peanut market, which makes cotton a more attractive option in the Southeast. Competing crop prices will take away cotton acreage in the Mid-South and Far West, however. Corn and soybean prices continue to outpace cotton by a wide margin headed into 2013. Survey respondents indicated this will be the biggest factor driving acreage down in the Mid-South region.

Sources in the Southwest indicate a burgeoning interest in sorghum, which could steal some acres from cotton on the Texas High Plains. In many spots on the High Plains, dwindling water scenarios make cotton a more attractive option than competitive crops, however.

As has been the case in recent years, Chinese consumption will play a large role in determining prices throughout the 2013 marketing year. If the country decides to stockpile its cotton reserves this winter, the resulting bump in cotton prices could boost U.S. acreage higher for 2013.

Leave a Reply

News Stories
News

Mark Pryor Named Chairman/CEO of The Seam

July 23, 2015

Mark Pryor has been named Chairman and CEO of The Seam, effective August 1, by the organization’s Board of Directors.

News

Focus on Cotton Series Adds Sulfur Fertilization Webcast

July 23, 2015

A new webcast to help growers identify and address sulfur deficiencies in cotton is now available as part of the Focus on Cotton webinar series.

News

Mid-South Cotton Producers to See Texas Agriculture

July 21, 2015

Ten Mid-South cotton producers are visiting Texas as part of the National Cotton Council’s 2015 Producer Information Exchange Program.

News

Lacy Named to Lead PYCO Industries

July 16, 2015

Robert Lacy has been named President and CEO of cottonseed processor PYCO Industries, effective October 1.

News

VA/NC Cotton Field Day Set for August 11

July 8, 2015

The Tidewater Agricultural Research & Extension Center in Suffolk, VA, will host the 2015 Cotton Field Day on August 11.

News

Southeastern Cotton Producers to See San Joaquin Valley Agriculture

July 7, 2015

Thirteen Southeastern cotton producers are visiting California’s San Joaquin Valley as part of the National Cotton Council’s 2015 Producer Information Exchange Program.

News

SePRO Corporation Realigns Business Units

July 7, 2015

SePRO Corporation has announced changes to its sales and marketing structure to help enhance visibility and growth in the agriculture and specialty chemical markets.

Around The Gin
Product News

Nufarm Introduces Panther SC Herbicide

July 24, 2015

Nufarm is introducing Panther SC herbicide, a new broad-spectrum herbicide for use in cotton and other Southern row crops.

Product News

USDA Deregulates Dow AgroSciences’ Enlist Cotton Trait

July 23, 2015

The USDA has deregulated Dow AgroSciences’ Enlist cotton trait in the United States.

Product News

Ratting Out Copper Theft

June 10, 2015

A simple alarm technology is helping to stop copper thieves who target irrigation systems.

Product News

EPA Approves New Premix for 2016 for Cotton, Soybean Weed Control

May 29, 2015

Cotton and soybean growers will have a new weed control option in 2016 with Warrant Ultra Herbicide, a premix of acetochlor and fomesafen.

Product News

Deltapine NPE Program Begins Eighth Year of On-Farm Variety Evaluation

April 28, 2015

Nearly 200 farmers will be part of the Deltapine New Product Evaluator program this year to help evaluate cotton variety candidates for the Deltapine Class of 16.

Product News

EPA Approves Enlist Duo Herbicide for Use in Additional States

April 2, 2015

The EPA has approved Enlist Duo herbicide for use in nine additional states, including four in the Cotton Belt.

Product News

New 2015 CROPLAN Cotton Varieties Feature Bollgard II XtendFlex Technology

March 19, 2015

WinField is adding Monsanto’s new Bollgard II XtendFlex cotton trait to two new CROPLAN cotton varieties for 2015.

Precision Technology

New Features for TeeJet Aeros 9040 Field Computer

March 18, 2015

TeeJet has added new features to its Aeros 9040 Field Computer for 2015.

Latest News
News

Mark Pryor Named Chairman/CEO of The Seam

July 23, 2015

Mark Pryor has been named Chairman and CEO of The Seam, effective August 1, by the organization’s Board of Directors.

News

Focus on Cotton Series Adds Sulfur Fertilization Webcast

July 23, 2015

A new webcast to help growers identify and address sulfur deficiencies in cotton is now available as part of the Focus on Cotton webinar series.

News

Mid-South Cotton Producers to See Texas Agriculture

July 21, 2015

Ten Mid-South cotton producers are visiting Texas as part of the National Cotton Council’s 2015 Producer Information Exchange Program.

News

Lacy Named to Lead PYCO Industries

July 16, 2015

Robert Lacy has been named President and CEO of cottonseed processor PYCO Industries, effective October 1.

News

VA/NC Cotton Field Day Set for August 11

July 8, 2015

The Tidewater Agricultural Research & Extension Center in Suffolk, VA, will host the 2015 Cotton Field Day on August 11.

News

Southeastern Cotton Producers to See San Joaquin Valley Agriculture

July 7, 2015

Thirteen Southeastern cotton producers are visiting California’s San Joaquin Valley as part of the National Cotton Council’s 2015 Producer Information Exchange Program.

News

SePRO Corporation Realigns Business Units

July 7, 2015

SePRO Corporation has announced changes to its sales and marketing structure to help enhance visibility and growth in the agriculture and specialty chemical markets.

News

Cotton Transition Assistance Program Enrollment Begins

July 6, 2015

Farmers in eligible counties may enroll in the Cotton Transition Assistance Program from July 6 through September 30.

News

Otahal Family Wins Kotton Kidz Prize for 2014

July 2, 2015

The Otahal family of Corpus Christi, Texas, is the grand-prize winner of the 2014 Kotton Kidz Photo Contest, sponsored by

News

USDA Updates Climate Change Adaptation Policy

June 23, 2015

USDA is taking additional steps to integrate climate change adaptation into the department’s programs and operations.

News

Koschnick, Barrick Promoted at SePRO

June 22, 2015

Dr. Tyler Koschnick and Sam Barrick have been promoted to new leadership positions at SePRO Corporation, manufacturers of Brake herbicide.

News

California Cotton Ginners Honor Patterson and Curlee, Name New Officers

June 17, 2015

The California Cotton Ginners Association honored Russell Patterson and Jesse Curlee, and named new officers and board members during the organization’s recent meeting.

News

Legé Joins PhytoGen as Cotton Development Specialist

June 1, 2015

Ken Legé has joined PhytoGen as a cotton development specialist for the Texas northern Plains and Oklahoma.

News

Spreading the Word About West Texas Ag

June 1, 2015

A Lubbock area cotton mom proudly carries the region’s food and fiber story to the National Farm Mom of the Year program.

News

USDA Issues Preliminary Deregulation Documents for Enlist Cotton

May 26, 2015

USDA is seeking comments on preliminary documents relating to pending deregulation of Enlist cotton from Dow AgroSciences.