Protect Your Profits: Safeguard Seed from Nematodes and Disease

As 2014 begins, it’s clear that cotton growers will be looking for cost-cutting efficiencies to help them remain productive and profitable, regardless of acreage and/or market prices. Our Cotton Grower editors recently outlined five topics to help growers protect their profits. Topic number two: don’t let nematode pressure and diseases undermine your investment in seed.

 

Dealing with the effects of nematode damage or in-season disease outbreaks can be frustrating – and costly. And although field-to-field issues and environmental conditions have a large impact on disease outbreaks, a little planning and preparation before the season starts could help lessen some headaches months later.

Although it may involve some extra time and costs up front, University of Georgia Extension pathologist Bob Kemerait suggests that growers look at the value of such planning from a slightly different perspective.

“Growers are going to spend a bunch of money on a bag of seed, and there’s a lot of value in that bag,” he said. “Once that seed is planted, they should want to protect it. We know what cotton prices are probably going to be. But, in my opinion, it makes it even more urgent and more critical to protect the investment on the seed.”

For nematode management, Kemerait strongly urges growers to begin now by assessing the ground they are planning to plant to cotton.

“They need to know when it was last planted to cotton and if nematode issues were present,” he advised. “If so, they should consider soil sampling now to get an idea of what the current nematode pressures are.

“From there, growers have options,” he continued. “They may want to try one of the newer, more resistant varieties if it fits their crop mix. They may need to consider a more aggressive nematicide treatment. Or, if growers have been considering Telone, it might be a good year to try some of it.”

Nematicide treatments can vary in cost and effectiveness, and growers should rely on their field assessment and sampling to help choose their course of action. Kemerait points out, however, that some stand-alone options may need a little extra help.

“Seed treatments and nematicides are no more effective against nematodes today than they were when we still had Temik,” he said. “That doesn’t mean they’re not effective, but they haven’t improved in their efficacy. They still need help now.

“We’re looking for possible combinations of seed treatments, nematicides and something like Vydate, as well as ways to potentially combine varieties with seed treatment nematicides.”

If growers are using or considering Telone, Kemerait urges them to explore site-specific application to help put the product where it needs to go. “If growers want to try that in 2014, they need to start making plans on how they would map the fields and identify areas where nematodes might be and where populations appear to be heavier or lighter,” he said.

“One additional thing we saw with the wet weather we had this year was outbreaks of Fusarium wilt like we’ve not had before, typically in association with nematode damage,” he added. “That makes the opportunity for some sort of management plan more urgent for some fields.”

Target spot continues to dominate the disease discussion, and Kemerait admits that he and his colleagues are still trying to understand exactly what it means – or doesn’t mean.

“We still don’t have enough data on it,” he explained. “But I tell growers that if they have fields with cotton debris from the previous year where target spot was present, they’re going to have spores that survive and probably earlier outbreaks.

“I believe that fungicides have a place in the management of target spot,” he said. “But I’m also saying that a little bit of target spot in a field doesn’t necessarily equal the economic advantages to fungicide use. Growers need to know as much about the disease as possible so they can make an informed decision if they choose to spray or not spray in 2014.”

Leave a Reply

Cotton Production Stories
Production Outlook / Acreage

NCC Survey Predicts 9.1 Million U.S. Cotton Acres in 2016

February 7, 2016

U.S. cotton producers intend to plant 9.1 million cotton acres this spring, according to the National Cotton Council’s 35th Annual Early Season Planting Intentions Survey.

Production Outlook / Acreage

Arkansas Extension Issues New Risk Management Resources

January 22, 2016

The University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service has developed a series of risk management resources to help growers manage their farming decisions in a time of increased uncertainty for agriculture.

Cotton Production

Agenda Set for Tennessee Cotton Focus Meeting

January 21, 2016

Specialists from three states and the National Cotton Council are on the agenda for the 2016 Tennessee Cotton Focus meeting on February 18.

Planting

Market Prices Impacting Early 2016 Crop Decisions

January 19, 2016

As farmers in the Rio Grande Valley try to finalize cropping decisions before planting begins in the coming weeks, many are still struggling with what to plant. For some, that will likely be cotton.

Cotton Production

NC State Issues 2016 Cotton Planning Info

January 5, 2016

Two documents are now available online from NC State Extension to help with planning and preparation for the state’s 2016 cotton crop.

Production Outlook / Acreage

Survey Points to Moderate Acreage Gains for Cotton in 2016

January 4, 2016

The 2016 Cotton Grower Acreage Survey reveals that floundering competitive prices and high yields could mean brighter days ahead for U.S. cotton.

Cotton Production

Tennessee Releases 2016 Cotton Variety Guide, Weed and Insect Manuals

December 21, 2015

Three new University of Tennessee Extension publications are now available online with information on cotton variety performance, and weed and insect control recommendations for 2016.

Around The Gin
Product News

Brake Herbicide Receives EPA Registration for Cotton

February 12, 2016

The EPA has registered Brake herbicide for pre-emergence use in cotton.

Product News

New FieldView Drive Provides Real Time Field Data Transfer

January 26, 2016

The Climate Corporation is launching FieldView Drive, a device that provides seamless transfer of real time field data and mapping from planting or harvesting equipment to a mobile device.

Product News

PhytoGen Releasing First Enlist Cotton Variety for 2016

January 13, 2016

PhytoGen is releasing PHY 490 W3FE, the first cottonseed variety with the Enlist cotton trait, for the 2016 growing season.

Product News

Enlist Cotton Ready to Launch for 2016

January 6, 2016

Dow AgroSciences announced that cotton growers will have access to the Enlist cotton technology in 2016.

Product News

Bayer Announces New 2016 FiberMax and Stoneville Cotton Varieties

January 5, 2016

Bayer has announced the release of three new FiberMax and Stoneville varieties for 2016, all featuring the company’s GlyTol, LibertyLink and TwinLink technologies.

Product News

Deltapine Announces Class of 16 Varieties

December 14, 2015

Four new Bollgard II XtendFlex cotton varieties make up the recently announced Deltapine Class of 16.

Product News

PhytoGen Varieties Raise Standards for Yield and Quality

November 30, 2015

Growers propelled two PhytoGen brand varieties toward the top of the 2015 USDA Cotton Varieties Planted report.

Product News

2016 Seed Showcase – All-Tex and Dyna-Gro

November 16, 2015

Sister cottonseed companies are working to extend their footprint in 2016.

Latest News
Production Outlook / Acreage

NCC Survey Predicts 9.1 Million U.S. Cotton Acres in 2016

February 7, 2016

U.S. cotton producers intend to plant 9.1 million cotton acres this spring, according to the National Cotton Council’s 35th Annual Early Season Planting Intentions Survey.

Planting

Clemson: Focus on Insect Management, Proper Variety Selection

February 4, 2016

Clemson Extension specialists point to insect management and proper variety selection as keys to help SC cotton producers grow more profitable crops in 2016.

Planting

SC Cotton Growers Look to Rebound from 2015 Flood

January 28, 2016

After South Carolina’s cotton crop was essentially flooded out in 2015, what’s in store for the state’s growers this year?

Production Outlook / Acreage

Arkansas Extension Issues New Risk Management Resources

January 22, 2016

The University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service has developed a series of risk management resources to help growers manage their farming decisions in a time of increased uncertainty for agriculture.

Cotton Production

Agenda Set for Tennessee Cotton Focus Meeting

January 21, 2016

Specialists from three states and the National Cotton Council are on the agenda for the 2016 Tennessee Cotton Focus meeting on February 18.

Planting

Market Prices Impacting Early 2016 Crop Decisions

January 19, 2016

As farmers in the Rio Grande Valley try to finalize cropping decisions before planting begins in the coming weeks, many are still struggling with what to plant. For some, that will likely be cotton.

Cotton Production

NC State Issues 2016 Cotton Planning Info

January 5, 2016

Two documents are now available online from NC State Extension to help with planning and preparation for the state’s 2016 cotton crop.

Production Outlook / Acreage

Survey Points to Moderate Acreage Gains for Cotton in 2016

January 4, 2016

The 2016 Cotton Grower Acreage Survey reveals that floundering competitive prices and high yields could mean brighter days ahead for U.S. cotton.

Cotton Production

Tennessee Releases 2016 Cotton Variety Guide, Weed and Insect Manuals

December 21, 2015

Three new University of Tennessee Extension publications are now available online with information on cotton variety performance, and weed and insect control recommendations for 2016.

Production Outlook / Acreage

Arkansas Issues Crop Enterprise Budgets for 2016 Planning

December 8, 2015

The University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture has issued crop enterprise budgets to help growers plan for the 2016 production year.

Planting

Mississippi Variety Trial Data and Planning Budgets Now Available

December 4, 2015

Mississippi State University Extension’s 2015 On-Farm Cotton Variety Trials publication and Cotton 2016 Planning Budgets guide are both now available online.

Production Outlook / Acreage

High Plains Cotton Production Can Survive Predicted Climate Changes

November 17, 2015

A Texas A&M research study has shown that cotton production in the High Plains can withstand expected climate changes.

Production Outlook / Acreage

Cotton Could Benefit from Lower Grain Prices

November 16, 2015

Lower prices for grains could help cotton acres in Arkansas rebound in 2016.

Harvest

Prolonged Rainfall in Carolinas Causes Seed Sprouting

October 5, 2015

The rainy spell that has soaked North Carolina for more than a week is creating problems for the state’s cotton growers.

Harvest

Keep Soil Compaction in Mind at Harvest

September 28, 2015

Since new module-building cotton pickers are adding more weight to fields during harvest, growers should keep in mind the factors that can contribute to soil compaction.