Protect Your Profits: Safeguard Seed from Nematodes and Disease

As 2014 begins, it’s clear that cotton growers will be looking for cost-cutting efficiencies to help them remain productive and profitable, regardless of acreage and/or market prices. Our Cotton Grower editors recently outlined five topics to help growers protect their profits. Topic number two: don’t let nematode pressure and diseases undermine your investment in seed.

 

Dealing with the effects of nematode damage or in-season disease outbreaks can be frustrating – and costly. And although field-to-field issues and environmental conditions have a large impact on disease outbreaks, a little planning and preparation before the season starts could help lessen some headaches months later.

Although it may involve some extra time and costs up front, University of Georgia Extension pathologist Bob Kemerait suggests that growers look at the value of such planning from a slightly different perspective.

“Growers are going to spend a bunch of money on a bag of seed, and there’s a lot of value in that bag,” he said. “Once that seed is planted, they should want to protect it. We know what cotton prices are probably going to be. But, in my opinion, it makes it even more urgent and more critical to protect the investment on the seed.”

For nematode management, Kemerait strongly urges growers to begin now by assessing the ground they are planning to plant to cotton.

“They need to know when it was last planted to cotton and if nematode issues were present,” he advised. “If so, they should consider soil sampling now to get an idea of what the current nematode pressures are.

“From there, growers have options,” he continued. “They may want to try one of the newer, more resistant varieties if it fits their crop mix. They may need to consider a more aggressive nematicide treatment. Or, if growers have been considering Telone, it might be a good year to try some of it.”

Nematicide treatments can vary in cost and effectiveness, and growers should rely on their field assessment and sampling to help choose their course of action. Kemerait points out, however, that some stand-alone options may need a little extra help.

“Seed treatments and nematicides are no more effective against nematodes today than they were when we still had Temik,” he said. “That doesn’t mean they’re not effective, but they haven’t improved in their efficacy. They still need help now.

“We’re looking for possible combinations of seed treatments, nematicides and something like Vydate, as well as ways to potentially combine varieties with seed treatment nematicides.”

If growers are using or considering Telone, Kemerait urges them to explore site-specific application to help put the product where it needs to go. “If growers want to try that in 2014, they need to start making plans on how they would map the fields and identify areas where nematodes might be and where populations appear to be heavier or lighter,” he said.

“One additional thing we saw with the wet weather we had this year was outbreaks of Fusarium wilt like we’ve not had before, typically in association with nematode damage,” he added. “That makes the opportunity for some sort of management plan more urgent for some fields.”

Target spot continues to dominate the disease discussion, and Kemerait admits that he and his colleagues are still trying to understand exactly what it means – or doesn’t mean.

“We still don’t have enough data on it,” he explained. “But I tell growers that if they have fields with cotton debris from the previous year where target spot was present, they’re going to have spores that survive and probably earlier outbreaks.

“I believe that fungicides have a place in the management of target spot,” he said. “But I’m also saying that a little bit of target spot in a field doesn’t necessarily equal the economic advantages to fungicide use. Growers need to know as much about the disease as possible so they can make an informed decision if they choose to spray or not spray in 2014.”

Leave a Reply

Cotton Production Stories
Harvest

Preserving Fiber Quality Should Drive Defoliation Decisions

August 25, 2015

When making defoliation plans, there is more economic incentive for growers to maintain fiber quality when cotton prices are low versus when cotton prices are higher.

Harvest

Key Considerations for Cotton Defoliation

August 27, 2015

With the 2015 cotton crop quickly winding down, it’s time for growers to be making their defoliation plans.

Production Outlook / Acreage

Pima Cotton Industry Shrinking in California

August 12, 2015

Drought and other market forces are taking a toll on California’s Pima cotton industry.

Harvest

First Bale for 2015 Delivered to Texas Gin

August 7, 2015

The first certified bale of U.S. cotton for 2015 was delivered to the Harlingen Gin Company by the Ortega brothers of Mercedes, TX.

Production Outlook / Acreage

USDA to Update Texas Cotton Acres Info

July 6, 2015

Due to weather delays that left a portion of cotton acres yet to be planted in Texas, USDA will collect updated information in July to help determine if the state’s numbers in the recent Acreage report need to be revised.

Planting

NC State: PGR Management Considerations

June 17, 2015

Side-dressing could help spur vigorous cotton growth, especially with timely rain. According to the NC State Extension cotton team, it’s time to start PGR management plans.

Planting

El Nino Weather Good for High Plains Cotton

May 12, 2015

The Texas High Plains are benefitting from the current El Nino weather pattern. And that’s good news for this year’s cotton crop.

Around The Gin
Product News

Falcon Adds Two New Automated Precision Soil Samplers

August 28, 2015

Falcon Soil Technology has added two new automated soil sampling systems to its product lineup.

Product News

HUMA GRO Adds New Boron Liquid Nutrient Formulation for Crops

August 28, 2015

BORO-MAX, a new boron 10 percent liquid nutrient formulation, is now available from HUMA GRO.

Product News

On-Farm Research Helps Ease Grower Questions About Enlist System

July 31, 2015

Southern cotton and soybean growers who have worked with the Enlist Weed Control System in on-farm research plots are now sharing their experiences.

Product News

Nufarm Introduces Panther SC Herbicide

July 24, 2015

Nufarm is introducing Panther SC herbicide, a new broad-spectrum herbicide for use in cotton and other Southern row crops.

Product News

USDA Deregulates Dow AgroSciences’ Enlist Cotton Trait

July 23, 2015

The USDA has deregulated Dow AgroSciences’ Enlist cotton trait in the United States.

Product News

Ratting Out Copper Theft

June 10, 2015

A simple alarm technology is helping to stop copper thieves who target irrigation systems.

Product News

EPA Approves New Premix for 2016 for Cotton, Soybean Weed Control

May 29, 2015

Cotton and soybean growers will have a new weed control option in 2016 with Warrant Ultra Herbicide, a premix of acetochlor and fomesafen.

Product News

Deltapine NPE Program Begins Eighth Year of On-Farm Variety Evaluation

April 28, 2015

Nearly 200 farmers will be part of the Deltapine New Product Evaluator program this year to help evaluate cotton variety candidates for the Deltapine Class of 16.

Latest News
Harvest

Key Considerations for Cotton Defoliation

August 27, 2015

With the 2015 cotton crop quickly winding down, it’s time for growers to be making their defoliation plans.

Harvest

Preserving Fiber Quality Should Drive Defoliation Decisions

August 25, 2015

When making defoliation plans, there is more economic incentive for growers to maintain fiber quality when cotton prices are low versus when cotton prices are higher.

Harvest

When’s the Best Time to Terminate Cotton Irrigation?

August 18, 2015

As cotton moves closer to maturity, growers need to consider certain factors carefully when deciding to turn the water off for this year’s crop.

Production Outlook / Acreage

Pima Cotton Industry Shrinking in California

August 12, 2015

Drought and other market forces are taking a toll on California’s Pima cotton industry.

Harvest

First Bale for 2015 Delivered to Texas Gin

August 7, 2015

The first certified bale of U.S. cotton for 2015 was delivered to the Harlingen Gin Company by the Ortega brothers of Mercedes, TX.

Production Outlook / Acreage

Holding Their Ground Against Pigweed

July 7, 2015

Cotton growers in northeastern Alabama are working hard to keep pigweed in check – often by any means possible.

Production Outlook / Acreage

USDA to Update Texas Cotton Acres Info

July 6, 2015

Due to weather delays that left a portion of cotton acres yet to be planted in Texas, USDA will collect updated information in July to help determine if the state’s numbers in the recent Acreage report need to be revised.

Planting

NC State: PGR Management Considerations

June 17, 2015

Side-dressing could help spur vigorous cotton growth, especially with timely rain. According to the NC State Extension cotton team, it’s time to start PGR management plans.

Planting

El Nino Weather Good for High Plains Cotton

May 12, 2015

The Texas High Plains are benefitting from the current El Nino weather pattern. And that’s good news for this year’s cotton crop.

Cotton Production

Making the Most of What He Has

May 5, 2015

On his cotton farm near Stanton, TX, Johnny Louder takes each challenge in stride.

Disease Control / Nematodes

New Cotton Webcasts Focus on Seedling Diseases and Soil Fertility

April 29, 2015

Two new webcasts focusing on seedling diseases and soil fertility have been added to the Focus on Cotton online webcast resource.

Planting

Don’t Let Early Season Thrips and Weed Management Impact Seedling Vigor

April 17, 2015

Increased challenges in early season thrips and weed management can potentially impact the value of vigorous cotton seedling growth.

Planting

Late Cotton Burndown Strategies

April 15, 2015

With cotton planting set to begin soon, many growers are looking for burndown options for their cotton acres.

Planting

Choose Proper Seeding Rate for Optimum Plant Populations

April 15, 2015

With cotton planting ready to begin, it’s important for growers to keep the difference between seeding rates and plant populations in mind.

Planting

Cotton Variety Test Comparisons Now Available Online

April 8, 2015

Cotton Incorporated and Extension cotton specialists have partnered with SeedMatrix to make cotton variety yield test comparisons easily accessible to producers via computer, smartphone or tablet.