Shurley on Cotton: August Numbers Likely Neutral to Bearish

By Dr. Don Shurley

The 2014 US cotton crop has been revised upward by one million bales from the July estimate. The August USDA crop production and supply/demand numbers released August 12 are the first estimates of the season based on an actual producer survey.

The July estimate was 16.5 million bales – based on estimated acreage abandonment of 15 percent and yield of 816 lbs/acre. These first produced-based numbers show abandonment of only 10 percent and a yield of 820 lbs/acre. The crop is forecast at 17.5 million bales – one million bales higher than the July estimate.

Abandonment is estimated at only 16 percent for Texas, and yield forecast at 632 lbs/acre. Yields appear strong just about everywhere. Much of the Mid-South looks to be over two bales per acre, and the Southeast also looks good, with yields approaching 900 lbs/acre or more.

The one million bale increase in the U.S. crop is offset somewhat by a half million bale increase in expected U.S. crop exports for 2014/15. This likely reflects the increase in production and available supply and perhaps the impact of the lower tier of prices we are experiencing. U.S. ending stocks are still expected to rise three million bales from last season.

Looking at the World and foreign numbers, production overall is changed very little other than in the U.S. The China crop estimate is unchanged, the Australia and Brazil crops are lowered, and the India crop is increased. World cotton use is increased 1.3 million bales from the July estimate. World ending stocks are revised downward by 600,000 bales.

The August numbers are best described as a mixed bag. Increase in the U.S. crop is bearish, but this may have been anticipated and already largely factored in to the current level of prices. Certainly, however, there is fear this could push prices even lower. But, the increase in U.S. exports is good news, and the increase in World Use is good news. Ending stocks did not increase, and that is good news.

At this point (with prices having lost 12 cents since mid-June), we take anything positive we can find. But in reality, aside from a major supply shock somewhere, prices likely have a rough road ahead. The U.S. crop looks promising, but the World and foreign situation is less known. Longer-term (into winter and spring 2015), the outlook will depend on the eventual U.S. and World supply and trends in demand (U.S. exports).

 

Shurley is Professor Emeritus of Cotton Economics, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Georgia

Topics: ,

Leave a Reply

Market Analysis Stories
don shurley
Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Opportunities in Improved Market

January 16, 2017

March futures have improved, and January is looking like a good month. The big question and the uncertainty is whether or not this will last.

Market Analysis

Market Holds in Face of USDA Report Adjustments

January 16, 2017

From now likely into the mid-March trading period, the very bullish call sales ratio will continue to carry the ball for the bulls.

Market Analysis

Export Sales Drive Market as Potential for Explosive Growth Builds

December 19, 2016

U.S. export sales continue to lead trading. But conditions are growing for a potential “explosive fire” under the market.

Market Analysis

Shurley: December Numbers May Contain Hidden Stocking Stuffers

December 12, 2016

USDA’s December production and supply/demand estimates were as expected in some respects. But it also contained a few unexpected and positive surprises.

Market Analysis

Is Market Opening Window for “Made in U.S.” Revival?

December 12, 2016

USDA’s seemingly bearish December supply demand report failed to break cotton’s upside momentum, presenting a small window to potentially revive the “Made in U.S.” theme.

Market Analysis

Prices Hold as U.S. Quality Cotton Moves to Market

December 2, 2016

U.S. crop quality is essentially the highest on record. While mills may be facing potentially higher prices, they are getting a bargain on their U.S. purchases.

Market Analysis

Market Set for Shift to March Contract

November 21, 2016

The market is expected to rally higher early in the week as shorts buy their way out. Grower prices will then be based on the March contract, as December will be its expiry period.

Around The Gin
Product News

Enlist Duo Herbicide Registered for Use on Enlist Cotton

January 13, 2017

The U.S. EPA has registered Enlist Duo herbicide for use on Enlist cotton varieties, beginning in 2017.

Product News

Data Show Yield Gains from Indigo Cotton in 2016

January 9, 2017

Data collected from 2016 trials show that Indigo Cotton – a seed treatment based on naturally occurring, in-plant microbes to help increase water use efficiency – led to yield improvements on testing acres, including an 11% average yield increase in West Texas.

Product News

FiberMax and Stoneville Release New Varieties for 2017

January 9, 2017

Cotton growers searching to match the right variety the right field now have two new FiberMax varieties and two new Stoneville varieties to consider for 2017.

Product News

PhytoGen Rolls Out Seven New Enlist Varieties for 2017

January 5, 2017

PhytoGen is releasing seven new cotton varieties with the Enlist cotton trait and WideStrike 3 Insect Protection for the 2017 growing season.

Product News

Do You Qualify for the Stoneville Legacy Club?

January 3, 2017

Signup is now open for the new Stoneville Legacy Club, celebrating both the rich history of Stoneville and the generational wisdom of the growers who make 3-plus bales.

Product News

FiberMax Celebrates Growers Who Maximize Dryland Production

December 30, 2016

The new FiberMax Maximizer Club celebrates growers who produce great dryland cotton yields, and signup for the club is now open.

Product News

EPA Registers Engenia Herbicide from BASF

December 21, 2016

The EPA has registered Engenia herbicide for control of more than 200 broadleaf weeds, including glyphosate-resistant weeds, in dicamba-tolerant cotton and soybeans.

Product News

Growers Impressed with First PhytoGen WideStrike 3 Enlist Variety

December 19, 2016

The first growers to plant PhytoGen brand PHY 490 W3FE say the germplasm and technology combination helped them work smarter and increase cotton production.

Latest News
Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Opportunities in Improved Market

January 16, 2017

March futures have improved, and January is looking like a good month. The big question and the uncertainty is whether or not this will last.

Market Analysis

Market Holds in Face of USDA Report Adjustments

January 16, 2017

From now likely into the mid-March trading period, the very bullish call sales ratio will continue to carry the ball for the bulls.

Market Analysis

Bull Market Pushes Prices to Five Month High

January 9, 2017

Prices reached a five-month high, as cotton demand flexed its muscles and pushed the market up.

Market Analysis

Could the Market Drift into the Mid-70s? It’s Possible.

December 28, 2016

The 70-73 cent price range remains very firm, with a good chance that the market could drift into the mid-70s.

Market Analysis

Export Sales Drive Market as Potential for Explosive Growth Builds

December 19, 2016

U.S. export sales continue to lead trading. But conditions are growing for a potential “explosive fire” under the market.

Market Analysis

Shurley: December Numbers May Contain Hidden Stocking Stuffers

December 12, 2016

USDA’s December production and supply/demand estimates were as expected in some respects. But it also contained a few unexpected and positive surprises.

Market Analysis

Is Market Opening Window for “Made in U.S.” Revival?

December 12, 2016

USDA’s seemingly bearish December supply demand report failed to break cotton’s upside momentum, presenting a small window to potentially revive the “Made in U.S.” theme.

Market Analysis

Prices Hold as U.S. Quality Cotton Moves to Market

December 2, 2016

U.S. crop quality is essentially the highest on record. While mills may be facing potentially higher prices, they are getting a bargain on their U.S. purchases.

Market Analysis

Market Set for Shift to March Contract

November 21, 2016

The market is expected to rally higher early in the week as shorts buy their way out. Grower prices will then be based on the March contract, as December will be its expiry period.

Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Closing Out 2016, First Look at 2017

November 21, 2016

The 2016 U.S. crop may still be somewhat of a question mark, but USDA’s November numbers provided clarity on a few things – the crop got smaller in some areas as expected, but still got bigger overall.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: Volatility Reinforces Market Fireworks

November 11, 2016

The cotton market continues to show extreme volatility, as mills and speculative funds attempt to fix prices before the expiry of the December contract. The same fireworks are predicted for the next two weeks.

Market Analysis

Watch for Volatility as December Contract Period Ends

November 4, 2016

There are only a few trading days left before March becomes the lead spot month. The best remaining pricing opportunity for growers should be within this time frame, which could be active and volatile.

Market Analysis

Potential Supply Squeeze Could Push Market Higher

October 31, 2016

With December first notice day only three weeks away, mill buying and other potential squeeze factors could push the December contract to 75 cents and beyond.

Market Analysis

Cleveland: Prices Healthier; China’s Buying

October 21, 2016

After jumping higher on the heels of a bullish world supply demand report, the surge in cotton prices was halted at the 72 cent resistance level. But China is back in buying mode, snapping up nearly 200,000 bales.

Market Analysis

Shurley on Cotton: Prices Showing Stability and Potential

October 17, 2016

Many growers want to know when and if the market will get back above 70 cents and provide options to enhance marketing positions. Several factors now in play could give them that opportunity.