facebook_pixel

Variety Trial Results Reflect 2016 Extremes in East and South TX

By Kay Ledbetter, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension

The 2016 Replicated Agronomic Cotton Evaluation (RACE) trial results from South and East Texas are in and reflect the extremes of the past season, according to Dr. Gaylon Morgan, AgriLife Extension state cotton specialist in College Station.

“We had many regions with superb yield and quality, while other regions suffered tremendously from excessive late-season rainfall,” said Morgan. “Hopefully, the current prices will hold or improve as we move into the 2017 season, and the 2016 RACE trial results will provide producers some guidance on variety selection.”

The 2017 season provides producers with more herbicide-tolerant technologies in varieties than any time in the past, including GlyTol, LibertyLink, Roundup Ready Flex, XtendFlex and Enlist cotton systems, he said.

“This is a good thing from a weed management perspective, and yields and fiber quality are comparable across these technologies,” Morgan said. “However, the number of choices can be a bit overwhelming, especially to some of our new growers in 2017.

“Where farmers have high populations of glyphosate-resistant weeds, the LibertyLink, XtendFlex and Enlist cotton systems provide great value. In fields with low levels of glyphosate-resistant weeds, the GlyTol and Roundup Ready Flex systems are still a great fit when paired with residual herbicides.”

Morgan said variety decisions should start with the agronomic characteristics such as yield, maturity and fiber quality first, and transgenic technology second.

The AgriLife Extension cotton agronomy team has been conducting large-plot, on-farm, replicated variety trials for 11 years in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, Blacklands, South Texas/ Wintergarden and Upper Coastal regions, with collaboration from growers and AgriLife Extension county agents.

“This approach provides a good foundation of information that can be utilized to assist the variety selection process,” Morgan said. “These trials occur on producers’ farms and are managed by the producers.”

He said 19 RACE trials and many small-plot variety trials were planted in 2016. Results include yield, fiber quality and estimated lint value for each location, as well as rankings based upon lint yield for the varieties within a production region.

“Yields across the Lower Rio Grande Valley and Coastal Bend were very good this season, with good early season moisture and some timely rains during the season,” Morgan said. “Also, weather was not much of a hindrance to harvest, unlike the Upper Gulf Coast and Blacklands.

“In the Upper Gulf Coast and Blackland regions, the trials represent below-average yields, which were common in 2016. Most of these lower yields were due to very saturated conditions between planting and early bloom, followed by an extended dry period throughout boll fill, followed by an extended wet period in mid-August and into September, which decreased yield, fiber quality and seed quality.”

The average non-irrigated yields for the 2016 RACE trials ranged from 1,425 pounds per acre for Nueces County to 421 pounds per acre for the Delta County location. Mean irrigated location yields ranged from 2,129 pounds per acre for the Hidalgo County location to 968 pounds per acre for the Fort Bend County location.

Morgan said when selecting cotton varieties, several key factors should be considered before planting.

“Producers need to gather as much unbiased yield and fiber quality data as possible from their area and beyond,” he said. “Some varieties are widely adapted, while others perform well under more specific growing conditions and situations.”

Also, Morgan said, select the herbicide- and insect-tolerant traits that best fit the expected challenges for 2017.

“Seed and technologies fees for the newer herbicide and insect traits are usually more expensive,” he said. “If you don’t need these traits, then many varieties with older trait packages are still competitive in yield and quality.”

Topics: , , ,

Leave a Reply

Seed Varieties Stories
Seed Varieties

Texas High Plains Variety Trial Results Now Online

February 15, 2018

The results of the 2017 Replicated Agronomic Cotton Evaluations Trials for the Texas High Plains are now available online.

Seed Varieties

Results In for NC On-Farm Cotton Variety Evaluation

November 30, 2017

Yield results from the North Carolina 2017 On-Farm Cotton Variety Evaluation Program are now available online.

Seed Varieties

CROPLAN Building on Its Strengths

November 21, 2017

Two strong varieties drove CROPLAN cotton seed sales and exposure in 2017, with more options and technologies coming in 2018.

Seed Varieties

PhytoGen: Enlisting Growth and Potential

November 20, 2017

Enlist cotton is off to an impressive start for PhytoGen in 2017, with a pipeline full of new options for all regions of the Cotton Belt.

Seed Varieties

Americot Building on Successful Growth

November 17, 2017

Maintaining momentum from a strong showing in 2017, Americot and its NexGen brands are just starting to hit their stride.

Seed Varieties

Bayer Working to Meet Needs, Minimize Challenges

November 16, 2017

Strong cotton varieties that fit and meet the challenges of each U.S. growing region continue to drive Bayer’s FiberMax and Stoneville product lines.

Seed Varieties

Dyna-Gro/All-Tex Keeps Rolling Ahead

November 14, 2017

A solid 2017 and a pipeline of strong products should keep the Dyna-Gro and All-Tex brands rolling strong in 2018.

Around The Gin
Product News

Bayer Shares the Risk with Cotton Farmers

January 26, 2018

Bayer offers replant, crop loss and yield protection to growers who plant FiberMax and Stoneville cotton seed.

Product News

Americot Adds New Sales Support in GA, KS and TX

January 23, 2018

Americot has expanded its sales support team in Georgia, Kansas and the Rolling Plains of Texas.

Product News

Indigo Offers Premium for Indigo Cotton Production

January 9, 2018

Indigo Ag has announced a new program that offers significant price premiums for U.S. cotton growers who contract to grow Indigo Cotton.

Product News

New Bayer Varieties Focus on High Yield, Adaptability

January 5, 2018

Bayer releases five new FiberMax and Stoneville varieties for introduction in 2018.

Product News

New PhytoGen TRiO Guards Cottonseed Investment

January 3, 2018

New PhytoGen TRiO seed treatment helps provide early season protection for young cottonseed from diseases, insects and nematodes.

Product News

Americot Adds Seven to Sales, Research Teams

December 20, 2017

Americot has added seven new sales and research associates to the company’s staff across the Cotton Belt.

Product News

Seven New Varieties in Deltapine Class of 18

December 11, 2017

Seven new varieties – including five Bollgard 3 XtendFlex offerings – join the Deltapine product lineup as the Class of 18.

Product News

Special Roundup Ready PLUS Incentives for Arkansas

December 7, 2017

Monsanto is offering a special Roundup Ready PLUS Crop Management Solutions platform in Arkansas for 2018 for growers planting XtendFlex cotton and Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybean varieties.

Latest News
Seed Varieties

Texas High Plains Variety Trial Results Now Online

February 15, 2018

The results of the 2017 Replicated Agronomic Cotton Evaluations Trials for the Texas High Plains are now available online.

Seed Varieties

Results from 2017 Variety Trials in Mid-South and GA

January 23, 2018

Results of the 2017 state variety trials in Tennessee, Mississippi, Arkansas and Georgia are now available online, just in time to help growers with variety selection for 2018.

Seed Varieties

Variety Trial Results Posted for East, Southern TX

December 20, 2017

The 2017 Replicated Agronomic Cotton Evaluation trial results from South, East and Central Texas are now available online from AgriLife Extension.

Seed Varieties

Results In for NC On-Farm Cotton Variety Evaluation

November 30, 2017

Yield results from the North Carolina 2017 On-Farm Cotton Variety Evaluation Program are now available online.

Seed Varieties

CROPLAN Building on Its Strengths

November 21, 2017

Two strong varieties drove CROPLAN cotton seed sales and exposure in 2017, with more options and technologies coming in 2018.

Seed Varieties

PhytoGen: Enlisting Growth and Potential

November 20, 2017

Enlist cotton is off to an impressive start for PhytoGen in 2017, with a pipeline full of new options for all regions of the Cotton Belt.

Seed Varieties

Americot Building on Successful Growth

November 17, 2017

Maintaining momentum from a strong showing in 2017, Americot and its NexGen brands are just starting to hit their stride.

Seed Varieties

Bayer Working to Meet Needs, Minimize Challenges

November 16, 2017

Strong cotton varieties that fit and meet the challenges of each U.S. growing region continue to drive Bayer’s FiberMax and Stoneville product lines.

Seed Varieties

Dyna-Gro/All-Tex Keeps Rolling Ahead

November 14, 2017

A solid 2017 and a pipeline of strong products should keep the Dyna-Gro and All-Tex brands rolling strong in 2018.

Seed Varieties

Deltapine Captures Largest Acreage Footprint in U.S. in 2017

November 10, 2017

With DP 1646 B2XF leading the way, Deltapine takes the title of most popular seed brand in the Cotton Belt.

Seed Varieties

Deltapine Retains Top Spot Among Varieties Planted in 2017

October 3, 2017

Deltapine retained the top spot as the most popular cottonseed brand planted in the U.S. in 2017, thanks to strong showings from its varieties in each region of the Cotton Belt.

Seed Varieties

Cotton Varieties Eyed in AgriLife High Plains Trials

April 20, 2017

With more producers interested in cotton due to good markets and prices, the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension variety trials are sure to get more attention in the coming weeks and years.

Seed Varieties

High Plains, Rolling Plains Variety Trial Results Available

February 17, 2017

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension agronomists in the High Plains and Rolling Plains have released the results of their large plot, on-farm, replicated cotton variety trials from 2016.

Seed Varieties

Variety Trial Results Reflect 2016 Extremes in East and South TX

January 19, 2017

The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension 2016 Replicated Agronomic Cotton Evaluation trial results from South and East Texas reflect the extremes of the past season.

Seed Varieties

Tennessee 2016 Variety Trial Results Now Online

December 28, 2016

The 2016 Tennessee Cotton Variety Trial Results publication is now available online.