Hequet Receives 2018 Cotton Genetics Research Award
Dr. Eric Hequet, a former cotton breeder and current chair of Texas Tech University’s Plant & Soil Science Department in Lubbock, has been selected by the Joint Cotton Breeding Committee as the recipient of the 2018 Cotton Genetics Research Award.
The announcement was made during the 2019 Beltwide Cotton Improvement Conference, which convened as part of the National Cotton Council-coordinated Beltwide Cotton Conferences. Hequet received a plaque and a monetary award.
Hequet, who co-developed and co-released 21 improved germplasm lines of upland cotton and two cultivars, has served the cotton genetics community as a breeder, textile engineer, department chairman and collaborator with cotton breeders in Texas, other states and worldwide.
Dr. Wayne Smith, professor and associate head of Texas A&M University’s Soil and Crop Sciences Department and one of the nominators, noted that Hequet has researched the use of high volume instrument and Advanced Fiber Information System data as selection criteria for breeders across the United States, and encouraged breeders to utilize these parameters when developing improved cotton germplasm and cultivars.
“Eric has provided leadership in research on the measurement of cotton fiber properties and contaminants and their impact on textile processing performance,” said Smith. “He has been in the forefront of advocating that breeders consider more than just micronaire, length, and strength in their plant and row selections, and has provided guidance in the value of fineness, maturity, length uniformity, and fiber elongation.”
Smith noted that Hequet has also been a terrific collaborator in evaluating the exceptional fiber quality material and how these improvements can lead to better yarns that will lead to better textiles for maintaining cotton as a fiber of choice.”
Another nominator, Dr. Jane Dever, a professor and cotton breeder at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center in Lubbock, said that Hequet “instilled conscientiousness about the importance of fiber quality in the U.S. breeding community at a crucial time in the industry, as U.S. raw cotton exports soared from 20% to 80% of production.”
Hequet has received multiple awards and honors, including being named the J.A. Love Endowed Chair for Sustainable Agriculture at Texas Tech in 2014, and as a Horn Endowed Professor – Texas Tech’s highest honor for a faculty member – in 2015.
After earning his Ph.D. in Engineering Sciences at the Université de Haute Alsace (France), Hequet worked at the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development. He came to Texas Tech in 1997, where he served five years as assistant director of the Fiber and Biopolymer Research Institute before being named the Institute’s associate director – a post he still holds. In 2006, he became a research associate and professor in Tech’s Plant & Soil Science Department.
The annual cotton Genetics Research Award was established in 1961 by U.S. commercial cotton breeders to recognize and encourage basic research in cotton genetics, cytogenetics and breeding. It is administered by the Joint Cotton Breeding Committee consisting of representatives of the NCC, the USDA, state experiment stations, Cotton Incorporated and commercial breeders.
Olvey Honored for FOV4 Resistance Work
Dr. James Olvey, president/cotton breeder of O&A Enterprises, Inc. in Maricopa, AZ, was also honored by the Joint Cotton Breeding Committee in part, because of his work to identify Pima and upland germplasm demonstrating resistance to the FOV4 race of fusarium.
In 2016, Olvey recognized that FOV4 – a highly-virulent race of the soil-born fusarium pathogen previously confined to California – had spread to the cotton growing areas near El Paso, TX.
Dr. Don Jones, director, Agricultural Research for Cotton Incorporated, said Olvey promptly alerted his organization and the larger cotton community and volunteered to assist public-sector researchers on a strategy to screen germplasm to identify resistance to FOV4 which could then be utilized in breeding programs to develop FOV4 resistance varieties.
“Those strategy sessions culminated in a massive 2018 field screening effort that he conducted on behalf of the public sector using his own proprietary ‘calibration’ checks to gauge the level of pathogen load across the field,” Jones said. “These checks are a unique and vital resource and were previously unavailable to the public sector.”
Olvey’s contributions in designing and conducting the screening for resistance, as well as his volunteering the use of his “calibration” checks, are considered critical for the nation’s upland production regions to survive the spread of this fatal cotton pathogen.
Based on information provided by the National Cotton Council